Blood Glucose to be tested for all indoor patients

Posted by: admin on: May 11, 2012

All inpatients’ blood glucose level to be tested irrespective of patient being diabetic or not, as per the new guideline.


The Endocrine Society recently released new clinical practice guidelines recommending that all patients have their blood-glucose levels tested upon admission to the hospital, even if they haven’t been diagnosed with diabetes. The guidelines were developed by a task force appointed by The Clinical Guidelines Subcommittee of The Endocrine Society and chaired by Guillermo Umpierrez, MD, from Emory University in Atlanta. The published recommendations are the consensus of several organizations.

According to the article, hyperglycemia affects 32% to 38% of patients in community hospitals and occurs not only in patients with known diabetes, but also in those with previously undiagnosed diabetes. Some patients develop stress hyperglycemia during an acute illness that resolves prior to discharge.

“The association between hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients (with or without diabetes) and increased risk for complications and mortality is well established,” the authors wrote. “This association is observed for both admission glucose and mean BG level during the hospital stay.”

The goal of the task force was to develop practical and safe glycemic goals as well as protocols and procedures for achieving the goals.

Specific recommendations in the society’s guideline include:

  • All patients, independent of a prior diabetes diagnosis, should undergo laboratory blood-glucose testing on admission.
  • For most hospitalized patients with noncritical illness, the recommended premeal glucose target is less than 140 mg/dL and the recommended target for a random blood-glucose level is less than 180 mg/dL.
  • Glycemic targets should be modified according to clinical status.
  • Patients with diabetes who receive insulin at home should be treated with a scheduled regimen of subcutaneous insulin while they are hospitalized.
  • Patients with type 1 diabetes and most patients with type 2 diabetes who undergo surgery should be treated with intravenous continuous insulin infusion or subcutaneous basal insulin with bolus insulin as-needed
  • All patients with high glucose values) on admission, and all patients receiving enteral or parenteral nutrition, should be monitored with bedside capillary point-of-care glucose testing, independent of diabetes history..
  • All patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes should be transitioned to scheduled subcutaneous insulin therapy at least 1 to 2 hours before intravenous continuous insulin infusion is discontinued.


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